There are many reasons for visiting Peru, as it is characterized by its natural attractions and diverse geography, as well as one of the destinations rich in its cultural and heritage attractions.
Millions of tourists flock to the Andean country annually to see Vinicunca, one of its newly discovered geological wonders. This site is also known as the Mountain of Seven Colors, or simply Rainbow Mountain.
The magic of this mountain remained hidden under the ice that covered it, until it was discovered in 2015 after the snow melted, in order to reveal the natural beauty that is characterized by it.
This multi-colored appearance resulted from millions of years of sedimentary layers that built up over time. These different sedimentary layers with different mineral and chemical compositions formed on top of each other. During exposure to the Earth's atmosphere, the structure of each layer reacts with elements in the air, such as oxygen.
As a result of these interactions, the colors that formed the appearance of the rainbow appeared on the mountain. Iron-rich deposits create red iron oxide layers, iron sulfide produces the yellow layers, and green chlorites are produced.
The best time to visit Vinicunca is between March and November, because the mountain scenery varies with different weather conditions, sometimes to the point where the colors of the mountain cannot be seen at all. Many people who have gone to Rainbow Mountain have left disappointed with poor visibility due to the cloudy weather, as the colors of the rock faded.